Macular degeneration is one of the most common causes of vision loss among people aged over 50. This condition causes a gradual loss of central vision. Central vision is needed for detailed work – for instance, driving and reading. There are two types of macular degeneration; wet degeneration and dry macular degeneration. Wet macular degeneration is the most severe but it is treatable. However, visual loss caused by macular degeneration cannot be reversed. The following are some of the best macular degeneration treatment options:
Also known as anti-VEGF, anti-angiogenic medications block the formation of new blood vessels and the leakage from the abnormal blood vessels that cause wet macular degeneration in the eye. This medication is injected directly into the vitreous humor of the eye. This medication has brought a new dimension in the treatment of wet macular degeneration. Additionally, most patients who have used this treatment option have regained their vision.
Photodynamic laser therapy
This is a two step treatment method used in the treatment of macular degeneration. In this treatment, a light-sensitive drug is used to destroy the unusual blood vessels. This therapy involves injecting a medication into the bloodstream which is absorbed by the anomalous blood vessels in and around the eye. Thereafter, the doctor carrying out this therapy shines a cold laser into the eye to activate the medication which destroys the unusual blood vessels. However, this treatment option depends on where the new blood vessels are and their extent.
Laser therapy or photocoagulation
In extreme cases, high energy laser light is used to damage all the actively growing abnormal blood vessels. However, people who undergo this procedure develop a permanent gray or black patch that affects their vision. It is important to point out that this procedure should be carried out by a highly skilled and professional doctor as the laser can damage the rod and cones. This is meant to ensure that no harm is done to the other surrounding parts of the eye.
This is a surgical procedure that is aimed at destroying abnormal blood vessels located directly below the center of the macular. In this procedure, the macular center is rotated away from the irregular blood vessels to a safe area. After being moved from unusual blood vessels, by use of a laser the blood vessels are destroyed.
Although medical science is yet to offer a definite cure for macular degeneration, different medications and therapies are being devised and used in the management of the condition. Should one notice a difference in vision or experience any issues of the eyes, it is always a good idea to visit an experienced eye care professional or clinic for condition review and treatment. Let’s keep our vision the best it can possible be.
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